Boys

Boys was one of the lesser-known “middle class” story papers produced in the late 19th century (in the vein of The Boys’ Own Paper, Chums and The Captain). It ran for just two years between 1892 and 1894. In common with it’s rivals, it was also sold as monthly “magazine editons” and yearly hardback editions, which were called Boys’ Illustrated Annual.

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It can’t have sold well, because it merged with The Boys’ Own Paper in September 1894. Apparently the Boys’ Own Paper didn’t even mention the merger! Copies are incredibly rare today, even the hardback yearly versions are thin on the ground. I don’t have the first volume, though would like to get it one day

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Boys was a high-quality paper, though. The serial stories were by famous authors of the day, as as G.M. Fenn and G.A. Henty. Of course The Boys’ Own Paper famously secured the services of Jules Verne and Sir Arthur Conan-Doyle, who are still well known today!

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Some longer than others

Each serial story was complete in a volume, so you can buy the annuals without worrying about only getting the end of one or the start of another. The main serial in this volume, running for more than half it’s length and always on the ‘cover’ (more about that later) was Fire Island by George Manville Fenn. The story begins with a ship caught in a kind of ‘reverse tsunami’ which drags it onto an erupting volcanic island and somehow ‘puts out’ the volcano (the first part doesn’t make much sense). After that the gentleman adventurers and scientists aboard decide to explore the uncharted island, take specimens of wildlife and rocks, and also study the barely-dormant volcano.

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Refreshingly, Fire Island doesn’t feature battles against “savages” all the time, though a couple of canoefuls do turn up towards the end. Most of the serial is about the ship’s passengers, all scientists, exploring the island and collecting samples. The crew of the ship continue to live as if at sea, and comic releif is provided by two sailors who often misunderstand what the scientists are talking about, and regularly have to save those over-curious souls from danger.

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As well as Fire Island, the other initial story is called The Ransom of Kilgour, and is set “five and forty years ago”, in the late1840’s. It’s about a Scottish schoolboy who goes sailing, then is captured by Arab pirates and held to ransom. In one part of the story he terrifies his captors with the unholy sound of bagpipes XD.

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Another early serial (replacing the one above) is The Adventures and Misadventures of a Breton Boy. This story is about a voyage round the world with Portugese soldiers, including to Japan and “China”, which appears to be full of people with Japanese-style topknots and samurai swords XD.

The serial instalments were always just under 3 pages in length, and sometimes unillustrated. The longer serials were truly “novel length”, with plenty of character development, excitment and interesting incidents.

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In addition to the serials, there is at least one short, complete story in every issue. Fairly regularly, through the first part of the volume, there is a series of stories “Told by the boys in the big dormitory”, which are framed by characters sitting in bed at a public school trying to out-do each other’s yarns. This is the “second series”, presumably the first series was spread throughout the first volume. One of the stories, interestingly for the time, is a war story with a German hero!

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In the Franco-Prussian war of the 1870’s

Other complete stories appear, towards the end of the volume some issues contain up to 3. The editor must have been trying to use them up, as production of the paper was wound down.

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As well as the stories, Boys contained many long, detailed articles. A lot of them are about animals, insects and plants. “Natural History” (butterly, egg and rock collecting, for instance) was a popular hobby among the more well-0ff at the time. Going for walks in the country was a common recreational activity, so the study of natural history may simply have been a way of looking like they’d done something useful with their time. Of course, today getting kids out and about walking around at all would be considered “useful”!

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Stag Beetles

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A long-lived tortoise

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Chrysanthemns

As well as the natural history articles, other regular subjects included famous authors, such as Jules Verne. Here the article is detailed enough that the first page doesn’t even mention any of his works, only details of his life. While Corpse Talk in The Phoenix is a noble gesture, I think I prefer this!

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Another of the series articles is “Boys at Work”. In those days, the children of working class families only received the most basic education and were then thrust upon the world and went to work in a factory or down a mine. Oh how I wish I’d lived in days like that, none of this “having a career”, or as I put it “not knowing where I’m going”. Anyway, as this paper was probably read by slightly better-off boys who went to public school, or at least to a more ‘genteel’ job in an office (or an officer in the forces!), these articles probably helped them to understand what life was like for the less fortunate.

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This article is about the old coal gas works. When the North Sea gas runs out we may see this again!

Of course, there was the usual “make and do” section. An early article giving instructions for building a telescope, with which to study the planets, or distant animals.

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A later article in the series shows you how to build “An electrical machine”. This briefly confused me, an electrical machine that does what? Then I realised it was a machine for making the electricity! No popping down the shops to buy a battery in those days! The writer of the article all but tells his readers to use it to electrocute their teachers with… Boys was not quite up to the high moral standards of the B.O.P or The Captain after all!

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Within the lifetime of the reader’s grandparents, this would have seemed like witchcraft!

The early articles in the volume are quite long, running to 2-3 large pages and great detail. For instance, this tour of the Tower of London, with plenty of melodramatic description for readers in distant parts who may never see it.

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However, many of the later articles are much shorter and crammed-in among poems and jokes. It’s possible that the articles in preparation for volume 3 had to be quickly used up when the merger with the Boy’s Own was announced, so were printed in a much shorter form, quickly written from the basic notes. Some of the illustrations for these shorter articles are just as good as the earlier ones, though. They’d probably been prepared ahead of time, and the editor was going to get his money’s worth, having paid the artists!

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There’s also the inevitable stamp collecting column. Unlike The Captain, which often had quite “chatty” (to borrow a term from the mid 20’s) articles, describing stamps in detail and talking about the history and political manouvres that created them, Boys just has a plain list of new issues.

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There’s also a lengthy chess section with problems, the solutions to previous problems, chess news and even it’s own small letters section.

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And then there’s Our Boys’ Bookshelf, which is a column reviewing books that readers may be interested in. Which brings me on to an interesting point about where “the rot set in” to the British comic industry. Most of our great comic stories, such as Dan Dare, Charley’s War and so on, have only been published in collected form fairly recently. Even then, these collected books have been forced to use the printed artwork, not the original boards. But it wasn’t always like that – one of the highest highs of the British comic industry was in the 1890’s, with titles aimed at all ages and classes. The serial stories that appeared in the higher-class papers were not left to simply ‘evaporate’, but were reprinted only weeks or months after their end, so they could be enjoyed again and again. It was also likely that boys who did not read Boys would buy the books, or be given them as presents, and so would not miss out on a particularly good story after it had ended.

Of course, the problems of the “wait for the trade” mentality are well-known, which is why Boys and papers like it also contained the interesting articles, jokes, and short stories – to make it worth buying them as well as the collected books of favourite serials. But then again, the entire year’s run of Boys was also reprinted as a book. I guess they just didn’t think of “waiting for the trade” 120 years ago!

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The story “The Black Bar” was a serial in volume 1, and soon after reprinted as a seperate book

The lack of credits in most British comics throughout the 20th century is well-documented, and likely to have been one of the many reasons for their downfall. Having no credits makes the work seem “worthless”, as if there’s nobody special creating it. It also cuts out a huge range of advertising possibilities, artists and writers can’t become “celebrities” and sell comics with their names alone. But again, it wasn’t like that back in the enlightened times of the 1890’s, Here the editor devotes a lengthy section to reporting the death of R.M. Ballantyne, an author of books and serials for several papers. He even mentions that a fund has been set up so that his fans may build some sort of memorial to him. Would a comic writer or artist in Britain get that today? Will J.K. Rowling, even?

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Contrast the attitude towards today’s creators with that towards G.A. Henty. He wrote his stories in serial form for publication in “mere comics”. One of them, A Desperate Gang, appears in the latter part of this volume.

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While he’s hardly a household name like Jules Verne, Henty is pretty well remembered. There’s an Anglo-American “Henty Society”, old copies of his books can fetch a high premium and, of course, his stories which originally appeared as serials in story papers, can more easily be found in long-lasting book form.

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Though made a long time ago, the decision not to continue including credits, and not to continue reprinting the best serials as books, began to weaken the reputation of even the high-minded story papers and comics such as this. Of course, this has been mostly rectified today, but it’s too little, too late. Our industry appears to have already entered a terminal death spiral. How different might things have been if the practices of the 1890’s had persisted?

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Not to make any implications about anything…

But, to continue with the article… in the earlier part of the volume, extra space in the columns is filled with “Splinters”. These are small jokes, which are even printed in a smaller font. Most of them are truly horrendous puns, which would quickly have attracted a storm of projectiles at the local music hall.

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Later on, this section lost it’s name. Later still, the jokes were expanded to the full-size font, and even given their own titles, or were arranged into themed groups (school jokes, work jokes etc). Presumably there was more space to be filled in the then-winding-down paper. The “quality” of the humour didn’t improve at all, though.

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Boys contained a few poems through it’s run, most of them comic. Here’s a rare full-page one, wonderfully illustrated, from around Christmas 1893. Boys also contained one solitary comic strip, the first volume of Chums, produced the year before, had one in every issue. I think this one is better illustrated, though.

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On the back page of each issue was a Correspondence section. In the style of the time, this did not reprint the letters the readers had sent in, only the answers. Some of them are long explanations of practical advice for hobbies (how to develop photos, and so on), whilst others are something vague like “yes, try it and see”. Many of these correspondence pages have a one-off illustration for the title, used only once!

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That last one looks a bit ‘Japanese’, there was an on-and-off craze for Japanese things throughout the period

Many of the other illustrations are top-class too. While a lot of the story illustrations are disappointingly small, some excellent ones accompany the articles. A few are labelled as being “from a photograph”. Reproducing photographs in print must have been a very rare and expensive process in those days, so much so it was cheaper to hire a good artist to draw an illustration from the photo!

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An early steamship, fully rigged “for safety”

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Part of the upper workings in a coal mine

With regard to the covers, this volume reproduces all of the weekly editions for that year, but without the price or date on them. It’s possible that they were actually sold in another, advert-filled cover. Early editions of papers such as Union Jack also had a cover with an interesting picture on the front, but only adverts on the back (and inside covers, though these could also be blank!). Many people who bound their issues threw the covers away, and it was often the same with the official volumes of higher-class papers (though not Chums, which actually reproduces all the adverts in early annuals!).

There’s a few clues to what the covers may have looked like throughout. The Editor, referring to a letter received from Canada, says he is pleased that “our yellow cover” can be seen on sale in that land. He also refers to his paper becoming known as “Yellow Boys”. It is possible this refers to an advert-filled yellow cover wrapping the weekly editions, though Boys was also evidently produced in a 4-week omnibus “Magazine edition” (in common with Chums and Chatterbox). Chums and Chatterbox monthly editions, at certain points, had coloured covers, some of which would be included in the yearly volumes as coloured plates. However, Boys only contains a few plates, and most of them are not colour – so the yellow covers may have been used on the monthly editions, and the weekly ones were as they appear in the yearly volume (though with a date and price, of course!).

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Big gatefold one from the front of the volume

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Many other plates are blue, not coloured!

A few tantalising illustrations appear, showing issues of Boys on sale, or being read. They appear to show the cover as being covered with squiggles, with a contents section in the lower right corner. Of course, there’s no indication as to whether these are weekly or monthly editions.

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Very obviously a later addition to that blue plate!

A cover with lots of fanciful twirls and twists obviously didn’t help much, for at the end of volume 2 the merger with the Boy’s Own was announced, in place of the usual correspondence section. The editor tries to play up the merger as a partnership of equals, but actually Boys was being obliterated entirely. It didn’t do the Boy’s Own much harm, as it ran into the late 1950’s (though by then as a small monthly).

Curiously, the publisher of Boys, Sampson Low, continued to exist as a book publisher. They even put out the misleadingly-covered Schoolboy Speed Kings, reviewed elsewhere on this blog. I’m not aware of any other story papers produced by Sampson Low – did they find the market too competitive, and retired from the field?

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Great news inside, chums!

Some Christmas covers

I did this before, right back at the start of the blog. My collection has expanded quite a bit since then, so it’s time for another gallery of Christmas covers!

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Ho Ho… ho?

Starting off right back in 1874 with Chatterbox. That’s not actually the fourth issue, the numbers were restarted for every volume. As you can see the cover is not particularly ‘festive’, but the 1870’s were puritannical times and perhaps a bird dying in the cold was supposed to remind readers to be miserable. The cover refers to a long poem taking up the first two inside pages of the issue within.

Chatterbox was one of the first story papers, starting in 1866. I distinguish these from the penny dreadfuls that were most popular from the 1830’s to 1890’s by the fact that story papers were not horror-focused, and often had more than one story in them (the penny dreadfuls were just a chapter of one long story – of course it was not only ‘dreadful’ stories that were published in this way, the work of Dickens was originally too!). Of course most, but not all, of the early story papers were Christian focused, or else they had only the loosest credibility by being published by the same people who were churning out the penny dreadfuls!

Chatterbox was a bit different, it had more high-minded, ‘straight’ adventure stories without ghosts or ghouls. It also had informative articles and shorter stories about naughty children repenting. It was started by a reverend – J. Erskine Clarke, M.A. so in a way anticipated the Boys’ Own Paper of 1879 and The Eagle of 1950. This 1874-5 volume is of course loaded down with Jesus, but later volumes became more secular, reflecting the attitudes of their age. The first really old book I bought was the 1908 volume of Chatterbox which is a great deal less pious. Chatterbox actually ran all the way up until 1955, though by the end it was just a series of adventure story annuals, and virtually indistinguishable from any of the other “Grand Book for Boys” publications.

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By Jingo!

It’s 1897 now, and this is the Christmas edition of The Marvel (which began in 1893 as The Halfpenny Marvel and gave us Sexton Blake). Where the older story papers were content to just be an alternative to the penny dreadfuls, Alfred Harmsworth’s halfpenny story papers were a clear shot across the bows of these gruesome horror stories. By 1900 the penny dreadfuls were holed below the waterline. Though in the early days of the Harmsworh papers the stories were not all that brilliant, and one wag wrote them off as “Halfpenny dreadfullers”.

Another way that Harmsworh’s story papers differed from the older story papers was their jingoism. By the 1890’s church had been replaced by state in the affections of the people and the empire had become something to be widely celebrated. Harmsworth’s papers captured the mood of this age, and  how better to show it but than with this cover? Santa does not introduce us to presents, or a dickensian scene, but to a host of British troops on the march, “Jack Tar” to the fore and surrounding Britannia on a white charger. We’ll not see the likes of this again until… well until i do a Christmas issue of one of my comics.

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Oops, no cover

Into the twentieth century now, with the 1901 Christmas issue of The Boys’ Friend – except the cover is missing! The Boys’ Friend only had black and white printing most of the time, but relatively frequent “double numbers” (the Christmas and Spring ones being regular fixtures) would have a beautiful colour cover, and double the page count (pst, and also double the price!). Double numbers were also chosen to introduce new serial stories.

The serial was the stock-in-trade of the tabloid-sized Boys’ Friend which started as a halfpenny paper in 1895. The serial stories, large size and cheap paper make collecting The Boys’ Friend very difficult today, may I add! Each issue also had a long complete story of 10,000 words, though, and many of these are great reads. The large size of the paper and tiny type used allowed for very long stories to be told, and also for large and lavish illustrations. To my mind this is one of the greatest of all British comics!

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How, um traffic was a nightmare

Now it’s 1913 and time for another lavish Boys’ Friend double number. This one with it’s wonderful cover intact. The content inside was much the same, a long complete story, ongoing serials, new serials with extra-long opening instalments, and the Editor’s page. I ought to say something for the editor’s page of the Boys’ Friend (and very-similar Boys Herald and Boys’ Realm, which started in the 1900’s and were cancelled in the 20’s), the editor would give well-meaning, and well-researched advice to his readers. He would also give long and friendly replies to readers, try to help them with problems (usually this help involved the purchasing of other Amalgamated press publications or books, ahem) and regularly advise on the dangers of smoking, drinking, gambling, rash emigration to the colonies and going to sea “for an adventure” without thinking it through – all pitfalls that it was all to easy for children to fall into in those days!

Compare this for a second to the letter’s pages of the comics i was growing up with in the 90’s – that is The Beano, The Dandy, Sonic the Comic and a bit later the Judge Dredd Megazine – in those readers were lucky if the reply to their letter was more than a single line. And that single line usually just contained some terrible pun. The Boys’ Friend – Best British comic ever.

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Anyone for footer?

Followed closely by this one! The Union Jack started in 1894 as a virtually-identical story paper to The Halfpenny Marvel. In 1904 it became “Sexton Blake’s own paper” and that detective featured in every issue from then on. Now 10 years later Europe is in the grip of a huge war that many people predicted would be over by Christmas. It wasn’t, as this issue shows! The story revolves around a gentleman falling into disgrace and joining up as an ordinary soldier to seek his own death.

This paper gives the lie to the oft-repeated notion that “popular magazines” during the World War 1 would portray the trenches as a grand life of camping, cricket and then short, easy battles where you would get to “account for” scores of the beastly Hun. This was only the case for the first month or so of the conflict, as it drew on writers became a lot more realistic. The stories in this issue certainly don’t make life in the trenches sound desirable – if anything they exaggerate the horrors! One passage talks of soldiers “fighting for hours waist-deep in freezing water”, which they couldn’t have really done, it’s biologically impossible! Unless you want your legs sawn off afterwards. It’s not exactly discouraging either though. There was after all the need to actually win the thing, so the story emphasises that whilst you may not like your duty, every patriotic Briton must do his best to discharge it.

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For the glory of the School Soviet, comrades!

Now it’s 1921, and the Nelson Lee Library. This was an odd one – a size roughly equivalent to the modern(ish) A5 and with quite a high page count, it carried complete stories about Nelson Lee in each issue. Nelson Lee was a detective who first appeared in the 1890’s, and was not greatly different to Sexton Blake at the time. However by the 1920’s things have rather changed a bit! Nelson Lee is now working as a schoolmaster at St Frank’s boarding school. He isn’t undercover – everybody knows he is a detective, and his boy assistant, Nipper, is a pupil at the school.

This unique setup allowed for the stories to waver between “Billy Bunter”-esque dorm feeds and practical jokes, to serious stories of solving murders and foiling gangs, with ease. Often these two elements would coexist in the same story, and the various boys of the school (not quite the fantastic characterisations of Charles Hamilton, but very close) would often take a hand in the solving of the mystery. Another remarkable aspect of the Nelson Lee library was that it was one huge serial – for decades the main story (it also carried more conventional serials – often 2 or 3 at a time!), while complete in each issue, followed on from the previous one and anticipated the next. Of course these were split into ‘series’ too (in the same way as some, but not all, Sexton Blake stories in the Union Jack were in the 20’s and 30’s) but even then a minor plot element in one series would become a major focus in another.

Oh, yeah, this particular issue is part of one of the more famous series in the Nelson Lee’s history – the “Schoolboy Soviet” series, in which a few boys, inspired by the revolution in Russia, turn the school into a communist state! Of course this descends into tyranny and starvation and they eventually welcome their rightful ‘rulers’, the teachers, back. Unfortunatley I don’t own the whole of this series, so i can’t read it, yet! Anybody got the issues that came directly after the one that was actually named “The Schoolboy Soviet”?

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The flash and old ink is only partly responsible – the cover really is that gloomy!

Now it’s 1925 and we’re back with the Nelson Lee Library. “Snow on the logo” is a long-standing British Comic tradition but in some of these old publications it looked like the wrong kind of snow – not the  soft white stuff you can look out at from your warm room on Christmas day, but the freezing, slippery stuff that your car skids on as you slowly crawl to work on a gloomy November’s morning.

The story in this issue is rather more lighthearted (well from the quick flick I had when i took it out to photograph it, anyway). Several of the boys from St Frank’s end up at an uninhabited stately home for Christmas, with only one butler and no food! But they suspect the castle is haunted – especially when a huge feast seemingly appears by a miracle on the dining table that was completely bare only half an hour before. I doubt it’s worth betting that the ‘ghost’ turns out to be Nelson Lee playing a Christmas prank and that a jolly holiday of crackling fires and gigantic cakes ends the tale.

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Christmas in space

Now it’s the 1950’s and we’ve never had it so good – Photogravure printing of art and writing that well deserves it, a genius artist firing on all cylinders and a minutely-researched science-fiction tale where British pluck, and not technobabble, reversed polarities and sonic screwdrivers wins the day! This is the first Christmas issue of The Eagle – a title that hardly needs introduction. It was created by a Reverend and intended to kill off the popular horror comics of the time. Sound familiar?

Of course I don’t own the actual issue, this is just a reproduced cover in a book about the comic’s most famous character – Dan Dare! They really pulled out all the stops on ‘decorating’ this cover, with holly between the panels!

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Ahh the festive tradition of poisonous gas – bring back the dying Robin!

Now it’s 1952 and Dan Dare still adorns the cover of The Eagle, which is still at the top of it’s game. It hit the ground running and barely faltered for 10 years! This issue isn’t quite so christmas-ey, no holly between the panels. Mind you the snow on the logo is now present and correct.

 Dan Dare and The Eagle copyrighted, trademarked and sole property of The Dan Dare Corporation PLC LTD KGB NKVD 1950-perpetuity. No infringement, expungement or disengagement of the copyright solely owned by the Dan Dare Corporation is hereby expressed, implied or implicated. Use of photographs of covers of The Eagle, copyright of the Dan Dare Corporation 1950-perpetuity, complies with the fair use law regarding critcism and/or review.

And I managed to make a whole post that didn’t involve Chums!

Hunji The Hindoo – one of the last things written by Harry Blyth

Harry Blyth is a curious name in the history of British comics. He created Sexton Blake, one of thier greatest and most popular characters. But, apart from the very first stories, had virtually no input into the development of that character, nor did he live to see Blake reach the household name status he did in the 20th century. Born in 1852, Blyth worked for several publishing companies as a freelance writer and journalist. He wrote a series of short stories called “Third Class Crimes”, which bought him to the attention of Alfred Harmsworth, who had just launched his new story-paper The Halfpenny Marvel. Sherlock Holmes had recently been “bumped off”, and various publishers were scrambling to fill the void. Harmsworth comissioned a detective story from Blyth, and so Sexton Blake made his first appearance in issue 6 of the Halfpenny Marvel, in december 1893. A few more Harry Blyth (though the first story, and a few others, were written under the pen name “Hal Meredith”) Sexton Blake stories appeared, before he died of typhoid in 1898.

So, if he created such a well-known and long-lived character, Harry Blyth must have been a brilliant writer, right? Well… No! Virtually every story of his, that I have seen, have been borderline-unreadable. The plots rely on ridiculous coincidences, things that happen with no explanation (things often blow up if it’s convenient!), and people magically knowing about / forgetting things when they need to. Apart from Sexton Blake, Harry wrote several other adventure stories, including “The Magic Island”, a messy story about the exlixir of life, which was reviewed in my old Union Jack Index blog. In this post, I’m going to take a look at a longer serial he wrote for Chums, shortly before his death (in fact, he died during publication – I’ve added in a small note that appeared at the time). His short stories often ended abruptly, as if he’d run out of space – what are his longer stories like? Do they fit together better? Let’s find out!

Hunji The Hindoo

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The start of the first installment, which names some other stories he has written for Cassell’s, the publisher of Chums at the time (though it was later bought out by Amalgamated Press).

I’ll start off by clarifying the title. In those days, “Hindoo” did not nessescarily refer to a Hindu, it was a word used to describe a person’s apperance – somebody with a turban and a long beard. Except it’s actually Sikhs who have turbans and grow thier beards long (well, they’re meant to, anyway!). Though a lot of these stories about about gentlemen adventurers, roaming all over the world, they were often written by poor people who would have considered a short trip to France “exotic”. (Though Chums was slightly more ‘upmarket’ and did have a few genuine adventurers in it’s ranks, we can presume the present writer wasn’t one of them!).

BUT, the artist of the story hasn’t even drawn what was considered to be a “Hindoo” at the time, so Hunji actually looks a general “swarthy villain” of the era – an image usually used to reprsent an Italian, Spanish or Gypsy. His religion has nothing to do with Hinduism either, or any other of the major religions of India! It’s more like a sort of idol-worship practiced by African tribes, or possibly Chinese-style ancestor worship.

But lets not dwell on such details, or before you know it i’ll be judging antique publications by modern standards, and this isn’t going to be that sort of blog! I’ll run through the story part by part, looking at the inexplicable events, silly cliffhangers and odd occurrences within. One of the things I like about this serial is how, on occasion, the story shifts to the perspective of the villain. This even extends to some of the cliffhangers, sometimes a chapter will end with the villains at an impasse, rather than the heroes!

Part 1 – Chums no. 278, January 5th 1898

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Cover billing! The hero, Ready Ralston, is being arrested while Hunji stands in the background.

This first installment introduces the hero of the tale, Ready Ralston (Harry clearly liked to give his heroes strange names) . He is a pupil at Dr ‘Caney’ Woodward’s school, and rescues a new pupil, called Willie Scott, from bullies. This lad is (presumably) half Indian, but his parents were murdered because his father stole something from a temple belonging to an “exclusive sect” of, ahem, Hindoo’s. Willie ended up living with his English uncle, who is a scientist. Willie is also due to inherit the thing his father stole when he is older. The “exclusive sect of Hindoo’s” want to kill him and capture this item for themselves.

The two start to talk about sailing, for Ready owns a small yacht and promises Willie a sail in her. They return to the school, where they first meet Hunji the Hindoo! He says he was a friend of Willie’s father and uncle in India, and wants to meet Willie whilst he is in England. He offers the boys some wine, but secretly drops some poison into Willie’s glass. Just then a policeman walks into the room, to arrest Ready Ralston! Hunji insists Willie finishes his wine before they go to the police station.

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Hunji, his moustache resembles the one the Kaiser of Germany had!

Part 2 – No. 279, January 12th 1898

Willie is just about to drink the wine, when the highly-stereotyped Scottish groundskeeper of the school (why no, I doubt Matt Groening has read this story!), who is also in the room, spots the headmaster coming and throws it out of the window. Ready Ralston is to be arrested for attacking Ned Breton, the bully from earlier (and an expelled former pupil of the school). Actually Ready had just fought him off to protect the young Willie. Thugs and bullies running to the police as soon as somebody stands up to them? It’s the same thing 112 years later!

The headmaster reads the arrest warrant, and discovers the magistrate who issued it is Ned Breton’s own father. It’s clearly a prejudiced case, and tells the policeman he can’t arrest Ready without any real evidence. After the policeman leaves, the headmaster gives Hunji a tour of the school. During this, Hunji secretly marks Willie’s bed, and the door of his dormitory.

That night, the other boys dress up as ghosts to “haze” Willie. However as they creep to his dormitory they run into a hideous creature – as tall as a man, with leathery bat-like wings, slippery skin and glowing red eyes!

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Part 3 – No. 280, January 19th 1898

The screaming boys wake the entire school, the first people on the scene find them in shock, though there is no sign of the monster. The groundskeeper is convinced that one party, dressed as ghosts, ran into the other unexpectedly and they scared each other! The headmaster shows up and the “ghosts” slink off to their beds. However one of the boys, the one who first ran into the monster, is found insensible – dead!

Hunji shows up, feigning ignorance as to the cause of the screams. He inspects the ‘dead’ boy and discovers that he has actually just fainted. A doctor arrives and says that the boy has been bitten by a small animal, but Hunji wipes away the “bites” and says he is simply in shock. But only seconds later says that Indians are more used to “such attacks” by small animals? Eh?

The scene then shifts to the house of Professor Falkland Scott, who is working on a way to “decompose the elements” (you need one of them Hadron Colliders, mate). Hunji comes to visit, and we learn a little about his odd religion – He accepts an offer of curry, saying he is cosmopolitan in his tastes (as an Indian being offered Indian food would, eh?) but the story says that his religion doesn’t allow him to eat meat. They then talk about seeking “the great sun stone”, mentioned in manuscripts written by “Isiti the sage”, which talk of “the god of the sun” who cast his fires upon the earth and created volcanoes. However one of his missiles, the Sun Stone, came to rest on an island where time has removed it’s evil qualities and filled it with good. Anybody who finds the Sun Stone will come to have “limitless wealth and endless fame!” …none of which has anything to do with Hinduism!

Hunji says he has a map which shows the location of the Sun Stone – it’s on Formosa, which was Chinese, but at the time of the story was ruled by Japan, though was apparently still infested with Chinese criminals. Formosa is now known as Taiwan! But I think it was a wilderness at the time. He says he needs money for an expedition, money that Professor Scott can provide. The two plan their voyage, and later the conversation turns to Willie Scott – when he is 21 he will inherit his father’s money and also the “Staff of Vashti”. This is the object which had been stolen from the “exclusive sect of Hindoos” – who are now named as Mesus. This story really does read like a stream of consciousness at some points! The professor says that if Willie dies before he reaches 21 then nobody will be able to claim his money, though the staff is actually hidden in the house. Hunji realises if he wants the money he will have to capture Willie, and force it out of him, but he decides to capture the staff right away! He picks the lock of the chest it is in, but suddenly a rabid dog bursts through the window and attacks him!

hunji05.jpg

The first time in the story where the cliffhanger ending actually puts the villain in peril rather than the heroes – a brilliant idea! It’s just a shame it’s saddled with this story! One wonders what Harry Blyth could have come up with if he’d been given time and money to write something decent and not hack out any old nonsense just to pay the rent!

“But what about the monster? Surely it’s amazing that Hunji can actually summon demons?” you might be asking, well… it’s never mentioned again! Note also the part about Formosa being a haunt of Chinese criminals but part of the Japanese empire. Do Chinese or Japanese people show up at all in the story? Nope!

 Part 4 – No. 281, January 26 1898

Hunji drops the staff of Vashti, so he can defend himself against the dog. However the staff groans like a human when it hits the ground, causing the dog to pick it up and run away with it. Hunji quickly closes the lid of the chest, and lays on the floor as if he’s fainted. The professor and housekeeper find him like that and leave him to “recover”, he pulls out some idols to worship, gets angry with them for ‘losing’ him the staff, but then has an attack of superstition, and prays for forgiveness. He decides to ‘dispose of’ the professor on the voyage to find the Sun Stone, then return and search the whole house and grounds for the lost staff.

Meanwhile, Ned Breton sneaks aboard Ready Ralston’s yacht and plans to drill a hole in the bottom. But Ready and Willie come along and set sail, with Ned still hiding below.

Part 5 – No. 282, February 2, 1898

Ready and Willie are enjoying thier trip, while Ned still hides below, going slowly mad. He begins to think they know he is there, and are deliberately keeping him prisoner.

Eventually a storm blows up, but Ready is a competent sailor and enjoys the challenge and danger. However Ned Breton is driven even more insane, with seasickness and fear. When Willie comes below for something the thug attacks him and ties him up. Then he goes on deck and begs Ready to let him help sail the yacht back to land. When Ready refuses Ned reveals that he has Willie tied up below – and inadvertently shows Ready the drill, which is still in his hand. As they argue Ready spots a large vessel approaching them, then Ned is suddenly grabbed from behind and pulled backwards into the cabin.

Part 6 – No. 283

Willie appears on deck, he had escaped Ned’s crude bonds. The two break out the oars to try and row the yacht out of the path of the approaching steamer, but the heavy swell holds them still. Ready snatches up Willie and leaps at the last moment, grabbing a trailing chain from the steamer. The yacht is smashed into matchwood and the wreckage, with Ned Breton swimming amongst it, is lost astern. The two climb aboard the steamer but find the decks deserted, there is not even a watch. They take a look around, peer through a skylight and are shocked to see…

The story then jumps back to Burton Towers, where Hunji and the Professor are preparing for their voyage. The professor has the idea that “such an ancient race as the Hindoos” must possess great secrets that have been lost to time, and that modern science is simply a rediscovery of the ancient ‘magic’ of long-lost civilisations. Hunji implies that some of this is true… and that he is in fact possibly centuries old, his ageing halted by the elixir of life!  (The search for such a potion is also the theme of another Harry Blyth tale, The Magic Island, from The Union Jack).

Hunji later introduces the professor to the captain and officers of the ship he has engaged, who are little better than pirates. The first mate is a hideous villain named Thomas Pill, the cook is named Mr Bundersnatch and boasts he can drink a gallon of rum and not get into a fight. The captain is called Nathan Jork, as these sailors start to party the professor’s housekeeper suddenly springs at the captain, determined to settle some old score. Meanwhile Thomas Pill draws a dagger and advances on his captain’s attacker…

Part 7, No. 284, February 16, 1898

Hunji throws Tom Pill off just before he lands a fatal blow, then drags the Professor’s housekeeper, Dennis, away too. Dennis says that Nathan Jork apprenticed his son, only to subject him to ruthless and barbaric treatment and finally kill him. Jork fills in the story – he had forced his crew to swear that the death was an accident, but one of the other sailors on that voyage had made a deathbed confession to Dennis. However a jury had found Jork innocent at the time, and Dennis had been confined to an asylum for a time… and now who would believe a lunatic?

The sailors later leave for the ship, The Weasel, complaining that these modern times aren’t nearly as “fun” as the old days of piracy! Dennis watches them go, determined to save the professor from “the villainy that hems him in on all sides”. The voyage commences and Hunji muses on his failure to recover the staff. If he doesn’t bring it to his masters he will be killed, as well as being denied entry to paradise after death.

Meanwhile the captain and his officers, such as they are, are already deciding to steal the “loot”, whatever it turns out to be, that they are sailing to recover, and murder the professor and Hunji. They then begin to talk in superstitious tones about the powers of the Hindoo, when he reveals that he has entered the room without them knowing. He pretends not to have heard what they were saying and joins them in drinking. Soon they are blind drunk but he is as sober, cool and calculating as ever. He returns to the cabin he shares with the professor thinking he has nothing to fear from the pirates. He also muses on Indian nationalism and thinks that if all his countrymen had his own intelligence and ruthlessness then maybe Britain would be in the Indian empire, and not the other way around! However his thoughts are broken when he enters the cabin and finds Professor Scott huddled on the floor – dead!

This is the episode in which Harry Blyth’s death is announced, so he must have passed away at some point in the preceding week. The note does not make it clear what his last story was, only that Hunji the Hindoo is “one of the latest”. With the typical style of the age they are able to slip in an advertisement for another Cassell’s publication!

hunji06.jpg

A British comics creator passes… too many have gone unnoticed by all except the publications they appeared in.

Part 8 – No. 285, February 23, 1898

Hunji discovers that Professor Scott has taken some poison accidentally, he meant to take a “sleeping draught”. Hunji fetches a deadly poison of his own and gives it to the professor. This poison is deadly but destroys other poisons as it does it’s work, so they cancel each other out. However the after-effects leave the professor brainwashed and liable to suggestions. Hunji plans to use this in his favour – getting the professor to sign a document that turns Willie over to Hunji’s care should any ‘accident’ happen.

Asking the captain for his two most reliable men as witnesses, Hunji hypnotises the professor and has him write out the document. However just as he is about to sign it Willie Scott and Ready Ralston burst in – the ship they had ended up on board was the Weasel!

Part 9 – No. 286, March 2, 1898

Hunji quickly hides the document the professor was about to sign. The appearance of his nephew brings the professor back to himself, but he can remember nothing about what passed whilst he was hypnotised. One man does know what happened, though, Tom Pill, who was hiding under the table! He is discovered when he is accidentally kicked, but makes up a story about being asleep under there. He has, however, decided that Hunji is beyond the pale and vows to “make a start on” the Hindoo.

Hunji attempts to cultivate the friendship of Ready Ralston during the voyage – and is shocked when the youth asks him for the paper he was trying to get Professor Scott to sign! Hunji is trapped and hands over the paper, which goes overboard. But Hunji then traps Ready, by saying that as a feud existed between Ready Ralston and Ned Breton it will take the testimony of the ship’s crew to clear Ready of the possible charge of murdering Ned.

Ready, surprisingly, cultivates the friendship of Tom Pill. Hunji engages the latter in conversation and offers him twenty pounds to throw Ready overboard. Tom refuses and stalks away, muttering he’d like to throw Hunji overboard just for the fun of it. A few days later the island of Formosa is reached… but, as Hunji cries in despair, “the god of fire has seized the island for his own!”. A sheet of flame flashes over the mountains and the terrible heat can be felt on board the ship!

 hunji07.jpg

The god of the flash has seized most of the picture for his own!

 Part 10 – No. 287, March 9, 1898

The huge fire is not a volcano, but simply the natives starting a fire on a mountain-top to burn out the spirits, so says Tom Pill. The story then turns into brief profile of the island. It has two ports that are better suited to Chinese junks than European ships, and the native tribes of the unexplored interior are constantly at war with each other – except for when they unite to hunt for the heads of Chinese and Europeans!

Hunji suggests that he, Professor Scott, Captain Jork and Tom Pill go ashore in a boat. Ready convinces them to take him and Willie along. Which Hunji readily agrees to. The party land their boat on the mouth of a river but barely have time to look around before a horde of savages burst from the undergrowth. The small party are worried and Ready tells Willie to swim back to the ship and get help. However Hunji reveals that he is the chief of the tribe! He asks for Willie to be bought forth, but is dismayed to see him boarding the Weasel. Hunji springs at Ready, who knocks him down. Seconds later the ship explodes and Captain Jork begins to grapple with Ready… meanwhile the savages move in, to avenge the attack on their leader!

Part 11 – No. 288, March 16, 1898

hunji08.jpg

Ready suffers torture by ape under the throne of the king of the savages!

The professor, who is largely absent-minded and emotionless anyway, sets about trying to help Hunji up rather than mourn for the sudden death of his nephew. This appeases the natives, who stop attacking. They are also appeased by Ready Ralston being held firmly by the captain. They assume this man is in league with Hunji and are prepared to wait until they can torture Ready and offer him up as a human sacrifice.

Hunji orders his tribe to press on into the forest, telling the captain and Tom Pill to remain behind on the beach. These two feel it would be death either way, so decide to covertly follow Hunji and kill him. However Tom no longer trusts his captain, and so forces him to go ahead, unarmed!

The party of natives, Hunji and the professor press on into the jungle. Hunji explains that his father is the king of this tribe. He also casually explains that his father is a thousand years old and he himself is of incalculable age. The professor seems to take this amazing statement totally in his stride. But that’s a Harry Blyth story for you!

Soon the reach the city of the tribe, where Hunji’s father sits in state. They also have a pet ape that is super-strong and intelligent. Hunji orders it to kill one of the tribe at random, which it does. He then orders it to attack Ready. The professor shoots at it, but discovers too late that Hunji has loaded his revolver with blanks! Ready and Professor Scott are made prisoners… but at night Ready is awoken by Willie! He survived the blast and tracked them here, as he starts to untie Ready one of the savages begins to crawl towards them.

Part 12 – No. 289, March 23 1898

Willie finishes untying Ready and then hides, so Ready is able to surprise the savage. Soon he is tied up in Ready’s place and the two make their escape from the tribe’s arena-like city. They finally hide up a tree in the surrounding forest and talk about what to do next. Willie doesn’t really explain how he survived the explosion. Nor does he know how the ship was blown up, vaguely suggesting that “there was a good deal of powder on board, and the crew were a dreadfully careless lot”. Hmm, something exploding with only the vaguest explanation seems to be a Harry Blyth trademark! Though here it’s more likely Hunji had planted a bomb or something aboard the ship before he left her.

Nathan Jork and Tom Pill happen along at that point, and stop right under the tree that Ready and Willie are hiding in. However they shoot a snake, which is bound to bring the natives running. As they argue Ready and Willie drop on them, and soon capture the guns. Captain Jork runs off but Tom Pill vows to stick by Ready for the coming fight. The three hear the savages ahead of them, and Ready urges the other two to hide in a tree. He is quickly captured by Hunji… but suddenly seems to have a change of heart and immediately tells the hindoo where Willie is hidden! Willie is in deep despair at this betrayal as the three are led back to the native city.

hunji09.jpg

Also during this part Tom refers to guns as “settling tools”, which is the phrase i will be using if i ever end up on some adventure where i need to carry firearms.

Part 13 – No. 290, March 30, 1898

Hunji turns the charm on Willie as they trek back to the city, with Ready Ralston joining in. Tom Pill is easily placated by being told that he can become the next king of the tribe once Hunji’s father returns to India. Tom is immediately lost in thoughts of creating a country of lawlessness with himself at it’s head.  Somehow he doesn’t see the possibility of a trap in the scheme!

With the three safely back in the city, and Professor Scott too absorbed  in his studies to even realise he is a prisoner, things look bleak. Ready becomes more and more friendly with Hunji. The two make plans that will result in his and Tom Pill’s fortunes being made, for there is a rich diamond mind elsewhere on the island. But first Hunji needs the professor’s signature on a will, just like he did before. He gives Ready a ring that will allow him to pass among the natives in safety. But no sooner is this in Ready’s hands than Hunji finds himself set upon and tied up! Ready was only bluffing and now rushes to the rescue of his friends.

Part 14 – No. 291, April 6, 1898

Ready comes before Hunji’s father, wearing the ring. However elderly leader suspects a trick regardless and calls to the tribe’s pet ape. It springs at Ready who is, erm, ready with Hunji’s prized jewelled dagger. He plunges this into the beast and kills it. Hunji’s father says Hunji would not give his dagger to anybody unless he completely trusted them, and leads the way to the professor. He shows Ready two inks, one of which vanishes after an hour, the other lasts forever. They must get the professor to write a document with the first and sign with the second… so that they may later fill in something else!

However as the two near his cell they are confronted by Willie, who is determined to stop the plot. They take him into the room, which has a door that can only be opened from the outside, and act as if they are getting the professor to sign a completley innocent document… one that will of course be changed later. However Ready puts himself between Hunji’s father and the door, then reveals his true aim! He ushers the Scotts out of the room whilst holding the chief at bay. Then goes to slam the door on him. At the last second the chief pulls out a concealed revolver and fires, hitting Ready. He collapses, wounded severely, and the professor goes to his aid… suddenly a voice rings out, telling them they are “in such a precious pickle as you can’t escape from till you are dyed more red than master Ralston is now!”.

Part 15 – No 292, April 13, 1898

The voice belongs to Tom Pill, who is thinking of helping the natives re-capture their escaping prisoners, to smooth things over for when he becomes their king. However Ready springs up and threatens him with Hunji’s poisoned dagger, and soon he is back on side. The professor tightly binds a stone against Ready’s arm to stop the flow of blood from the wound, and they begin to make their escape. Tom Pill’s status as king-to-be helps them get past the natives, as does the fact several of them are off hunting for Chinese heads!

They escape the city, and are forced to hide in a tree when a party of the returning savages passes beneath, carrying their gruesome prizes. The professor, slowing them up as it is with his constant stopping to inspect unusual plants, thinks he can  smell hints of volcanic activity in the air. Eventually they come to the diamond mine, and pick up a pocketful of the valuable gems. Tom Pill, driven crazy by greed, wants to get hold of the entire haul for himself, and when denied rushes back to the end of the valley in which the mine is located and shouts to Hunji and his tribe, who are now following closely.

However at that moment there is a huge and sudden volcanic eruption! The sky is turned black and flaming debris rains down. A huge part of the nearby mountain is blown away and millions of tons of red-hot rubble tumbles onto the luckless natives and their leader. Ready and the Scotts rush to the coast – finding the body of Nathan Jork, and Dennis, the professor’s housekeeper! He has followed the Weasel to the island in another ship and killed Jork in revenge for his son. Suddenly the professor hears voices in the jungle… Hunji has survived and is following them with the remains of his tribe!

hunji10.jpg

“The giant rocks crashed to pieces with a deafening roar”

Part 16 – No. 298, April 20, 1898

Ready, near to the point of collapse with his wounds at the long journey to the coast, is bundled into the ship’s boat and the party narrowly escape the spears of Hunji and his tribe. Aboard the ship, Merrythought, they run into Mr Bundersnatch who also survived the destruction of the Weasel. He says he is going to “regular turn over a noo leaf” and open up a shop selling lifebelts. Stuffed with shavings rather than cork for more profit, of course!

The captain of the ship says that the expedition to follow the professor was organised by Dennis, Dr Woodward of the school and Colonel Ralston, Ready’s father. He also warns that there are people saying that Ready must have murdered Ned Breton, as Hunji had threatened! However these details are forgotten on the long and tedious voyage. For all the villainy of Nathan Jork’s crew they knew how to sail a ship! Finally they reach England and are in for a shock – Hunji is there! And he immediately hands Ready and Willie to the police, charged with the murder of Ned Breton. He and Tom Pill both overheard their “confession”!

Part 17, No. 294, April 27, 1898

The case looks black against Ready and Willie. Their solicitor, Mr Bicks, says that Mr Bundersnatch has dissapeared. Not surprising for a pirate when the police are involved. The two are bought up in court and have no real way of disproving the charge. Their amazing story of adventure and account of Hunji’s villainy would do them no good in front of a down-to-earth jury.

Suddenly Squire Breton bursts into the court with his son! Ned had survived by clinging to the wreck of the yacht for two days. He was finally picked up by a Spanish ship, but was struck by fever and a raving lunatic for some time. Finally he recovered his senses and contacted his father, who came to find him, and then rushed back, learning of the court case. With the victim alive and well… and repentant too, there is no murder case! Hunji slips silently out of the court.

The party, united again, have much to celebrate, though they suspect Hunji will make his way to the professor’s house. The following day they travel there, and discover Hunji, half-mad, perched on the edge of a cliff with the Staff of Vashti. He tells them all it will strike them blind by magic. They close in to capture him but the dog, angry at the theft of “his” staff, is quicker, and leaps at Hunji from a bush. The two of them plummet to their doom on the rocks below, the staff of Vashti, the source of danger for Willie, goes with them.

hunji11.jpg

The end of Hunji

 Overall

this is a pretty good story compared to other Harry Blyth efforts that I have read. Often his shorter stories in publications such as The Halfpenny Marvel or Union Jack tried to cram in far too many events and thus became very confused or illogical. This tale, being a serial, has a lot more room to grow and explain just why the characters are doing whatever they are doing.

That said there’s still plenty of strange and unexplained occurrences. For instance just what was the horrible bat-like creature encountered in the school? Is Hunji able to actually summon demons from hell? Is the magical staff of Vashti actually enchanted? It groans like a man when dropped and, after falling in the sea, is said to have returned to India. There’s also quite a few all-too-convenient events which aid Hunji’s plans, but which only happen by luck. For instance the professor taking a sleeping draught that renders him liable to suggestion… he seems rather distracted and absent-minded for the rest of the story. Even so far as allowing himself to be virtually imprisoned in the native city. The “sun stone” is pretty much forgotten once the party set foot on the island too.

In addition people returning from the dead is a cliffhanger and resolution that occurs rather too often. Hunji’s survival of the volcano and subsequent pursuit of the party through the jungle is rather too ‘soon’ and obviously just used to provide another action scene (mind you i suppose Harry only had a limited space to fit an installment in to, and felt the need to keep the pace up!). It would have been more ‘shocking’ if Ready and Willie think they have left Hunji’s body far behind only for him to re-appear in England ready to have them arrested. Some of the other cliffhanger escapes are rather lame too, puts me in mind of the “it’s only a cardboard cut out!” repeatedly used in Viz! The use of cliffhangers that involve the villains is, as i’ve said twice already, a fantastic idea that i’ve never seen in stories before, and which i will promptly stea-er-be inspired by.

A word must be said for the brilliant character of Thomas Pill, while i’m here. He is never really illustrated but his hideous, leering face springs off the page nonetheless. His complete and utter lack of morals and willingness to change sides at the drop of a hat to save himself is a perverse joy to read.

In the end this is a story i enjoyed reading, it rattles along at a good pace and there’s always some interesting reverse around the corner to keep the heroes and villains guessing. One wonders what would have happened if Harry Blyth had been given the chance to write a long serial about his greatest character in a paper such as The Boys’ Friend…

Comics in the Union Jack

The Union Jack was a popular storypaper from 1894 up to it’s end in 1933, for most of it’s life it contained Sexton Blake stories, and serials, articles and editorial focusing on crime and punishment. However in it’s early days it experimented a great deal, and the editorial often revolved around the Royal Navy, or else “fascinating facts”. In this issue, number 24 from 1894, they have even printed a comic strip! albiet a very short one.
Sandow comic in the UJ

NB: “Sandow” was a strong-man of the time who repeatedly advertised his muscle-building books in the Harmsworth/AP papers. In the UJ of 1906 there was even a series of short articles about (no doubt greatly exaggerated) events from his life, such as going to every gym in Paris and wrecking the weight-lifting machines as he was too strong for them to handle.

The oldest item in my collection…

Is issue 11 of the Halfpenny Marvel, published on the 17th of Janurary 1894. Containing only the one story (later issues would also have articles and instalments of serial stories) called A Golden Ghost, or Tracked by A Phantom.

It is the third (of thousands!) published story of Sexton Blake. And is regarded, even by fans, as a “farrago of nonsense”. Written by the detective’s creator, Harry Blyth (using his real name here as opposed to Hal Meredith, as he did on occasion) the story is indeed rather messy, revolving around a gem stolen from a Malayan tribe called the Zeefri, which is hidden inside an iron cube. A rich financier (who funded the expedition to steal the gem) being blackmailed because he once used money intended to be given to a girl when she grew up to bail himself out. The girl in question being in love with the nephew of the adventurer who stole the gem. Told you it was confusing… such a complex plot might make for an exciting story in the hands of a good writer, but unfortunatley mr Blyth was far from that. This is a lot better than the first Sexton Blake story, mind.

That’s the underlying plot, as for the story itself, well it lurches from scene to scene with little regard for logic or sense. The colonel who captured the gem is lured into a trap by the “Golden ghost” of the title, which remains completley unexplained. He later escapes and turns up just in time to thwart the plans of the villains, casually explaining that the building in which he was being held prisoner collapsed for no reason. In another lengthy page-filling sequence (also providing several forced ‘action scenes’) the colonel’s nephew, Wallace Roy, travels to Malaya and is captured and then escapes from numerous bloodthirsty tribes and wild animals. eventually falling captive to pirates, but choosing an opportune moment to spring overboard and swim to a British man-o’-war. To fill up more space a bizarre sequence concerns the gem going missing, and the reason being Wallace was sleepwalking to the Captain’s cabin and hiding it in a secret drawer he had been shown during the night.

Despite all this page-filling, the story ends very abruptly. With everything straightened out and Wallace marrying his sweetheart, the colonel is sent a present of a wicker basket during the wedding. He opens it and is attacked by a boa constrictor. Saved in the nick of time by Sexton Blake, he then decides that the Zeefri, who have been desperate to kill him through most of the story, will never attack him again. Just like that. If you ask me the story was most likely written right up to the deadline and there was very little time for such fancy procedures as editing. But there you go!

Being Sexton Blake’s early days, the characters of Tinker, Pedro and the irrepressible landlady Mrs. Bardell are all absent. Instead Wallace Roy aids the detective in the case at some instances (as was the way in most early tales… meaning it always had to be a some strong young man commissioning the ‘tec). In others Blake merely talks to himself. Sexton Blake’s partner, Jules Gervaise, who was a feature of a few early tales and even had a couple of solo adventures (also written by Blyth) is notably absent, and not even mentioned. Presumably he is on a case of his own in France at the time.

The Halfpenny Marvel issue 11

Early issues used both orange and black ink, however this was later switched to single colours. Dark red for a time, and then dark blue for many years.

Halfpenny Marvel 11 - 01

The first page, with the large illustration used on Harmsworth/AP papers of this type. Almost being a secondary cover… which is handy as often papers where bound into volumes without covers, see my Union Jack Index blog for more of that! You can see the back of the cover here, with the ink showing through… even in 1894 publishing a 16-page storypaper for a halfpenny meant very cheap & cheerful printing quality, which also explains why so few have survived. Luckily this sturdy volume has preserved the books well. My UJ’s from the same year have not been so lucky, and are crumbling.

Halfpenny Marvel 11 - 02

Fancy illustrated lettering to open new chapters… this also vanished along with the two-colour covers. Presumably further cost-cutting… once the Halfpenny Marvel had become a sucess Harmsworth set about pumping out more storypapers, such as the Union Jack, Pluck and Illustrated Chips. And the money had to come from somewhere!

Halfpenny Marvel 11 - 03

The snake in the basket which is the Zeefri’s final attack on the Colonel. They decide to stop after this attack fails… why? well there was no pages left for a start…

Halfpenny Marvel 11 - 04

This is what Sexon Blake looked like in the 1890’s. This illustration was used in several stories, including “The Missing Millionaire”, the first story in issue 6 of the Marvel, and “Sexton Blake: Detective” in issue 2 of the Union Jack

Halfpenny Marvel 11 bcover

The back cover, showing all the previous issues and four cover illustrations. The two men in the hot air baloon basket (issue 7) was the second Sexton Blake story, and above can be seen the title of the first– The Missing Millionaire. I did once order issue 5 off Ebay, but the guy said i hadn’t paid when i had, and ignored my emails. So issue 11 remains the oldest item in the collection so far!

Other notes

New Accquisition: a volume of 1904 Union Jacks. No Sexton Blake stories amongst them, though. I’m going back to Lincoln for year 3 of university tomorrow, though. So they’ll arrive after i’m gone. But here’s the pictures from the ebay auction.

1904 Union Jacks 1

1904 Union Jacks 2

There’s plenty of secondhand/antique bookshops in Lincoln (the more suited to my needs, the higher you have to climb, though), so my collection will be expanded whilst i’m there, which will give me plenty more to write about!